Cutting back encroaching vegetation
Overgrown vegetation can prevent people using a route. It may be soft plants or nettles, or harder ones like brambles. We clear these with shears, slashers and strimmers.
We cut back overhanging trees and bushes, which can easily close a path. We clear these with loppers, hedge cutters and saws.
The spread of Himalayan Balsam is a growing problem that we have been trying to deal with. We can clear Balsam that encroaches on paths, but if you need to clear other locations you could read our guidance on how to deal with it.
Occasionally, with help from friends with chainsaws, we clear trees that have fallen across the path.
A path may be muddy with detritus washed down from above which needs scraping off. If water is running over the path we can create ditches and drains, or even divert water courses. Azads, spades, shovels and mattocks are the tools for this work.
Widening and improving path surfaces
Paths often get very narrow and difficult to walk on. Widening a path involves using azads, spades and mattocks. One of our favourite jobs is uncovering ancient causey stones that have been covered by grass.
Putting in revetment
On steep hillsides paths sometimes become unstable, and we need to put in a revetment to hold up the edge. After levelling the path and fitting a long plank, we ram in the pegs with a heavy steel bar – one of our essential tools.
Repairing stiles and gates
Many stiles were built more than 20 years ago. The Pennine weather and livestock often taken their toll. New tread boards, new uprights and new rails are often needed. Hammers saws, drills and other carpentry tools are used on these jobs.
Constructing and repairing steps
Old stone steps can become overgrown and need clearing, and wooden steps can eventually rot. Over time slopes can become eroded and very slippery. One way of dealing with this is to install a new flight of steps. Hammers, saws, drills and other carpentry tools are used on these jobs together with the big steel bar.
Constructing and repairing boardwalks
Boardwalks get people across marshy ground that can’t be dealt with by channelling water away from the path. After a decade or two these often need repairs – usually to replace rotten or broken slats. We use a short steel bar to remove the old slats, and a hammer and nails to fit the new ones. Sometimes we add staples to the boards to give people a better grip.
Repairing stone walls
We usually have to repair walls where there is some kind of stile. Walls start to disintegrate where sheep climb over or where the stile getting a lot of use. Hammers and stone chisels are the main tools, but more importantly we need our two experienced wall builders, as they have the eye for the right stone in the right place.
Constructing and repairing bridges
Wooden bridges face the same problem as boardwalks and we often find rotten or broken slats. Occasionally we have to rebuild a bridge if the main beams have broken. Again we use hammers, nails and staples.
Many more people are walking without maps and rely on waymarks – “The reassurance of the little yellow arrow” as someone put it. We put in finger posts, low waymark posts, and we replace individual waymarks. Across moors we often put in yellow topped posts to make sure people don’t get lost in the mist. We always carry a selection of waymarks as you never know when one will be needed.
Repairing information boards
There are several of these scattered around the hillsides. Because of their exposed position they often need refurbishing and the information needs rewriting. Carpentry tools are needed for these jobs
Surveying and inspecting
We regularly spend a day walking along a published route to make sure it is in reasonable condition, and at the same time we add waymarks where needed.
When a member of the public reports a problem, we usually get someone to go and inspect it. This ensures we know how long the job will take and what materials and tools will be needed.
Three large completed projects
More information about what we do
We have a more detailed blog of photos and information which is completed after each of our work parties.
We have also produced a small brochure that describes CROWS, what it does and how it works. You can download the CROWS Brochure here.
We are based in Mount Shed below Banksfield Estate in Mytholmroyd. We are very proud of our depot organisation, as it is the engine that powers our work.
The legal framework for our work
There are some constraints to what we are allowed to do. The document below sets out the legalities of working on Rights of Way.
For further information, check out the FAQs on the website for Rights of Way Officers
England and Wales have about 140,000 miles of footpaths, but it is estimated more than 10,000 have been lost from current maps. We encourage people to rediscover them and put in legal applications for their recovery before the government deadline in 2026 after which claims will no longer be accepted.
If you know of a lost footpath, first find out if it is an existing Right of Way. Go to the council’s mapping site. Select Rights of Way in the left hand index. You will then see all the Rights of Way appear and just have to expand the view.
If it is not a Right of Way, but it is clearly well used, you will need to put in an claim. To do this you can contact Calderdale Highways, or perhaps your first port of call should be the Ramblers, whose website gives clear advice on how to identify a lost path and make an application. The method involves comparing new and old maps, plus examination of historical sources. Walking and exploration is involved, but don’t forget that a lost path has to be proven before you can use it, otherwise you are trespassing.
Community Rights of Way Service – a poem
Who opened up these moors CROWS
Who cut holes in the wire CROWS
Who rebuilt these dry stone walls CROWS
Who built these stiles CROWS
Who hung all these new gates CROWS
Who built these new bridges CROWS
Who dug all these ditches CROWS
What tool do they use CROWBARS
Who shows the direction to go CROWS
Who pays for all of this? Not sure Who pays towards some of this? CROWS
There is a need to CROW about it